Delta-8 vs Delta-9 vs Delta-10 THC: What’s the Difference?

Delta-8 vs Delta-9 vs Delta-10 - What's the Difference? Earthy Select

You’re not alone if you’re confused about all these THC variations. Who wouldn’t be? But it’s not as complicated as it appears. Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC are three prominent cannabinoids in cannabis plants with different chemical structures, psychoactive effects, legal status, and health benefits. These compounds are part of the dynamic cannabinoid family found in the cannabis plant. Each one interacts with cannabinoid receptors in the human body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). Read on to discover the key differences between Delta-8 vs Delta-9 vs Delta-10 THC.

Summary of Delta-8 THC

Delta-8 THC is a minor cannabinoid found in traditional cannabis that has gained popularity in recent years for its potential medical benefits and psychoactive properties. Delta-8 THC has a slightly different molecular structure than traditional THC forms, making it a milder psychoactive substance. It has a less intense nature that benefits those seeking the therapeutic effects of cannabis while retaining the same intoxicating high associated with traditional Delta-9 THC [2].

Recent research and anecdotal evidence suggest that Delta-8 THC offers potential benefits for various health conditions. These include sleep disorders, anxiety, and chronic pain, but more research is needed to confirm these positive indications [2]. The minor cannabinoid interacts with the same cannabinoid receptors in the human body as traditional Delta-9 THC. Still, its chemical structure may produce slightly different effects, making it a promising option for those seeking alternative treatments for various health issues.

Furthermore, Delta-8 THC is technically legal under federal law as it is derived from hemp, a type of cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% delta-9 THC [3]. As the cannabis industry evolves, the potential benefits of Delta-8 THC and other minor cannabinoids become increasingly apparent. Offering new possibilities for medical and recreational cannabis users, Delta-8 THC products have hit the mainstream.

Summary of Delta-9 THC

Delta-9 THC is the primary psychoactive substance found in cannabis plants. It’s known for its intense euphoric qualities, energizing effects, and medical use in many US states [4]. Commonly found in various cannabis products, Delta-9 THC is subject to state laws and regulations. However, hemp-derived Delta-9 products are federally compliant as long as they do not contain more than 0.3 percent Delta-9 on a dry weight basis.

In states where recreational marijuana is illegal, Delta-9 products are typically derived from hemp plants [5]. Thus, they have lower concentrated amounts of THC than products derived from marijuana. Marijuana-derived Delta-9 products may have a higher potency because they can contain more Delta-9 THC per weight, but Delta-9 THC is the same substance whether it’s from hemp or marijuana. This primary cannabinoid differs from Delta-8 THC, which has a slightly different molecular structure and may produce milder psychoactive effects.

Learn more in the Guide to Hemp-derived Delta-9 THC.

Summary of Delta-10 THC

Delta-10 THC is a minor cannabinoid with, again, a very similar chemical structure to Delta-8 and Delta-9. What separates it from other forms of THC, like Delta-9 and Delta-8, is a chemical bond and that it tends to be less potent. Delta-10 is considered more like a sativa strain and is available in a variety of products including Delta-10 Sativa Oil. Some say it uplifts without the risk of paranoia or anxiety [6].

When processed from hemp, Delta-10 THC is legal in all 50 states. However, certain localities may have more nuanced restrictions regarding THC products, so you should always check your state laws regarding legality.

How does each compound differ in its legality?

Hemp derived Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC are federally legal in the United States under the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp products containing less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. Delta-9 THC is legal at the federal level as long as it is hemp-derived and contains no more than the required concentration. Nonetheless, some states have legalized higher Delta-9 THC products for medical or recreational use [7].

It’s important to note that drug tests typically detect Delta-9 THC, but may not detect Delta-8 or Delta-10 THC. However, the results depend on the test’s sensitivity and other factors. It’s safest to avoid any products with THC if you need to pass a drug screening.

How do you use Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10?

Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC are consumed in various ways. Many enjoy the following consumption methods:

  • Smoking – Many choose dried cannabis flowers to smoke in a pipe, bong, or rollup.
  • Consuming THC diamonds or hash – Manufacturers make THC diamonds (a concentrated gem-like resin) to be vaped, smoked or dabbed.
  • Vaping – Vape cartridges and Pens may contain Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC and are convenient.
  • Dab rig – A dab rig is designed for cannabis concentrates instead of cannabis flowers [8].
  • Eating edibles – Edible products, such as gummies, candies, and other confections, may contain various THC forms.
  • Tinctures – THC can be distilled into tinctures or oils for easy, discrete consumption.

The consumption method can affect the onset and duration of the effects, which may include euphoria, relaxation, feeling high, altered perception, and relief.

Additionally, medical marijuana patients enjoy using Delta-9 THC to manage symptoms of chemotherapy-induced nausea, chronic pain, and certain neurodegenerative disorders, among other conditions, but more research is needed and this depends on which state a patient lives in [9].

Potential risks and side effects of each compound?

While the health benefits of these compounds are many, their use may pose risks and side effects for some. In high doses, Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC may cause adverse effects, such as anxiety, paranoia, and impaired coordination [10]. Some users may experience dry mouth or the “munchies.”

Drug tests may detect Delta-9 THC in the body for days or weeks after use, depending on the frequency and amount of use and other factors [10]. It is essential to use cannabis products responsibly and under the guidance of a healthcare provider if you have any health concerns.

Best Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 products

When it comes to Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC products, there are many options to choose from. The effects tend to vary depending on the specific product, but some of the most popular ones include tinctures, edibles, pre-rolls, and vape cartridges. The best Delta-8 THC products produce a mild high. In contrast, Delta-9 products are responsible for the more intense psychoactive effects of cannabis. These products are federally compliant only if the concentration is below 0.3 percent Delta-9 THC on a dry weight basis. You can get strong effects from hemp derived Delta-9. For instance, Earthy Select’s 50mg Delta-9 Gummies are super potent and federally complaint. Though Delta-10 products are newer on the scene, they produce similar effects to Delta-8, yet may energize and uplift. They are also federally compliant and lawful and available in different products like Delta-10 THC Gummies.

Main effects of Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10

One of the main benefits of Delta-8, 9, and 10 is their ability to improve sleep quality and provide mild to intense euphoria [11]. Many users report that these products help them relax and fall asleep faster. These cannabinoids can also reduce anxiety and stress while promoting relaxation. Furthermore, they may be a good choice for people with medical conditions such as arthritis, chronic pain or inflammation [12]. However, more research is necessary to substantiate these claims.

Some products also contain other compounds, such as CBD, providing even more therapeutic benefits with the entourage effect. The entourage effect is a hypothesis that found that additional cannabis compounds, working along with THC, act synergistically to modulate the overall impact of cannabis on a consumer [13].

Key takeaway for the difference between Delta-8 vs Delta-9 vs Delta-10

In conclusion, Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC products have many benefits and are popular choices for people looking for natural ways to improve their health and wellness and quality of life. The three distinct cannabinoids have varying legal status, effects, and safety concerns. Even so, they possess overlapping qualities and benefits.

While they offer potential health-related results for many, these compounds’ recreational or medicinal use should be based on individual needs. In recent years, the growing cannabis industry has generated abundant research and innovation in cannabinoid-based science. One awesome result among many are Earthy Select’s 50mg Delta-9 Gummies, available now online for nationwide shipping!

Read next: Sativa vs Indica Strains – What’s the Difference?

Medical Disclaimer / Legal Disclaimer – Information is provided for educational purposes. It does not and is not intended to constitute legal or medical advice. We attempt to be accurate and up-to-date, but the legality of cannabinoids and the science of cannabis are evolving. The author is neither a legal professional nor a medical expert. Before buying or using any products, you should check with your local authorities and medical providers.


  1. Simple Guide to the Endocannabinoid System
  2. Delta-8 versus Delta-10. What’s the Difference?
  3. Forbes: Delta-8 versus Delta-9
  4. What is THC in Marijuana?
  5. What is Hemp-derived Delta-9?
  6. Delta-10 verus Delta-8
  7. Difference Between Forms of THC
  8. How to Use a Dab Rig
  9. Types of Medical
  10. Cannabis Drug Facts
  11. Cannabis and Sleep
  12. Cannabis and Inflammation
  13. What is the Entourage Effect?

Frequently Asked Questions

Though individuals respond differently to each cannabinoid, generally users report that Delta-8 helps them relax while Delta-10 has more uplifting, energizing qualities.

The recommended amount for novices of Delta-8 THC is no more than 10 mg. It’s wise to start with 5 mg. Wait two hours after consuming a small amount for the effects to become apparent before taking more.

Beginners should take no more than 10 mg of Delta-9 THC. 5 mg is a good place to start if you are new to the cannabinoid. Wait two hours to see how your body responds before taking more.

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